5 – Machu Picchu,
- Machu Picchu is a mysterious Fifteenth Century Inca ruin found high up in the Andes Mountains. Millions of travellers from all across the world are drawn their every year – which is exactly why it’s in danger.
- According to archaeologists, the fragile ruins are in a state of serious disrepair because disrespectful visitors regularly jump and climb all over the site’s structures. The area also has a massive erosion problem because tourists like to wander off where they’re not supposed to.
- To remedy this, the Peruvian government has limited the number of visitors to just 2,500 a day. Come on, guys! I know they’re called ‘ruins’ but that doesn’t mean you have to ruin them! This is why we can’t have nice things…
4 – The Great Barrier Reef,
- Australia’s breathtaking Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world – and naturally nothing that big or that beautiful can withstand the destructive touch of humans.
- Coral reefs are fragile ecosystems that can’t handle pollution or rising temperatures. When coral dies it loses its vibrant colour, threatening the many species that rely on it to survive.
- Over half of the Great Barrier Reef has vanished in the past thirty years and environmentalists fear this natural wonder could be completely destroyed if better conservation efforts aren’t implemented immediately.
3 – Madagascar,
- Madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world, is home to some seriously beautiful tropical rainforests and an amazingly diverse range of wildlife. But unfortunately huge portions of it have been destroyed because of – you guessed it! – humans.
- Mankind has chopped down the rainforest for timber, bulldozed it to make crop fields, burnt trees for fuel and poached several animal species to near extinction. It’s said just ten percent of the original forest is intact.
- If things don’t change soon it’s predicted that Madagascar’s rainforests and unique species will disappear within thirty-five years.
2 – Amazon Rainforest,
- Amazon isn’t just an online retailer; it’s also the largest and most diverse tropical rainforest in the world. Spread over various countries in South America, this amazing rainforest covers a staggering 1.4 billion acres and is home to a huge number of animal species, including twenty percent of the world’s bird species.
- You’d think something huge and important would be untouchable, but experts say it could disappear entirely in just fifty Like Madagascar, the Amazon rainforest has been crippled by excessive deforestation. Over twenty percent of it has been cleared for farming, mining and logging.
- It’s also been negatively affected by climate change. Every decade the Amazon’s dry season grows longer, which increases the risk of deadly forest fires.
1 – Antarctica,
- Antarctica may seem like a cold, lifeless continent, but it’s home to many unique creatures, like polar bears, emperor penguins and leopard seals. This makes it a bucket list entry for many adventurous travellers.
- Unfortunately, global warming and a huge influx of tourists have had a negative and irreversible effect on this icy continent. It seems Antarctica is on very thin ice. In the last few decades alone, Antarctica has experienced temperature increases of three degrees Celsius. Because of this, it’s losing 160 billion tonnes of ice every year – and that number looks set to continue rising.
- This reduced sea ice cover has caused a huge drop in Antarctic krill numbers and several species of native penguins are now critically endangered. It’s very sad.